Why Are My Gums Bleeding?

Bleeding gums are caused by inadequate plaque removal. Plaque contains germs which attack the healthy tissue around the teeth. This will cause the gums to become inflamed and irritated, which may cause them to bleed when brushing or flossing. This is called Gingivitis and is the first stage of gum disease. Gingivitis is usually a painless condition and bleeding gums may be the only symptom. Some other signs may include: swollen, red or tender gums; persistent bad breath or taste; teeth that are loose; and a change in the way your teeth fit when you bite. At this stage the disease can be treated and completely reversed. So it is important not to ignore your bleeding gums. Call and make an appointment with Niles Family Dental today if your gums are bleeding. We can help restore your gums to a healthy state.

Why Do Gums Bleed?

Are your gums bleeding when you floss or brush? When you consume food, particles get trapped between your teeth. At times you will feel this trapped food and will be able to remove it, but at times you won’t feel the trapped particles and they will remain until you brush or floss next. The food particles can be removed by flossing and brushing, but if both of those steps are not part of your oral hygiene routine, the food particles will stay trapped and will break down into bacteria and form acids that decay your teeth and gums. Bleeding gums are one of the first signs of gum disease. Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease–periodontal disease. Gingivitis can be caught and treated early since the signs–bleeding swollen gums–are readily apparent.  This is NOT a condition you want to ignore.  Acting on the symptoms early is important for your current and lifelong health.

Why Do Bleeding Gums Need to Be Treated?

Most often, bleeding gums are ignored because even though there is blood present, there isn’t really any pain. Some notice that when they floss their teeth bleed and so they stop flossing thinking that they are hurting their teeth. Flossing is necessary to remove the source of the infection. If you don’t floss, the bacteria that causes gingivitis will breakdown the fibers that attach your gum tissue to your teeth. Overtime, this will cause the depth of the gum tissue around your teeth to increase and form pockets. These pockets can trap more food particles and cause bacteria to increase. Sometimes the pockets will get so deep, you won’t be able to remove all the food particles by brushing and flossing. Not being able to get rid of the bacteria on your own causes the gingivitis to develop into a more severe form of periodontal disease and a common result is tooth loss. Periodontal disease is not typically painful so you don’t realize your teeth are in danger. Contact a member of our Niles Family Dentistry team if you are experiencing bleeding gums and make sure you are keeping your regular 6-month examinations and cleanings so gum disease can be treated and kept from getting worse.

How Do You Treat Bleeding Gums or Gum Disease?

The best way to treat gum disease is with prevention, so make sure and don’t delay when you see signs of it.  By following a proper oral hygiene routine of flossing and brushing you can avoid bleeding gums. If you aren’t sure how to properly care for your teeth to prevent gum disease, Dr. Niles can show you during an office visit and help you get the tools that you need to be successful. Make sure you are flossing your teeth every time you brush–don’t skip this vital step. Brushing only cleans 60 percent of your teeth since 40 percent of the tooth’s surface is between your teeth where only floss can fit. Don’t forget to brush your tongue and to get along the gum line to remove plaque and food particles. When you have completed the brushing and flossing process, rinse your mouth with water to rid your mouth of any particles that you might have missed.  If your gums are bleeding Dr. Niles will recommend an antimicrobial rinse to help kill the germs associated with gum disease and gingivitis. Some of these antimicrobial rinses can be purchased over-the-counter, others Dr. Niles can prescribe for you.

Call for a Consultation

If your gums are bleeding when you brush or floss, call Niles Family Dentistry today to make an appointment. Prevention of gum disease is one of your best forms of treatment, but if you already have it, treating the symptoms early is key. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oral health is important to your overall well-being.  Call today for a consultation at (720) 744-0001.  Niles Family Dentistry serves the families of the Niwot, Longmont & Boulder communities. We look forward to meeting you and your family.



Ashley Niles

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